Rawalpindi, city, Punjab province, northern Pakistan. It was the capital of Pakistan from 1959 to 1969. The city lies on the Potwar Plateau 9 miles (14 km) southwest of Islamabad, the national capital.
Rawalpindi (“Village of Rawals”) occupies the site of an old village inhabited by the Rawals, a group of yogis (ascetics). Certain ruins on the site are identified with the ancient city Gajipur, or Gajnipur, the capital of the Bhatti tribe before the Common Era. Destroyed during the Mongol invasion (14th century CE), the town was restored by the Gakhar chief Jhanda Khan, who gave it its present name. It grew rapidly in importance when Milka Singh, a Sikh adventurer, occupied it in 1765 and invited settlers from the Jhelum and Shahpur areas to settle there. It was annexed by the British in 1849.
The Leh River separates the city from the cantonment (permanent military station), and a satellite town has been built on the Murree Road. Rawalpindi is an important administrative, commercial, and industrial centre. Its industries include locomotive works, gasworks, an oil refinery, sawmills, an iron foundry, a brewery, and cotton, hosiery, and textile mills; it also produces shoes, leather goods, pottery, newsprint, and tents. An annual horse fair is held in April. Rawalpindi was incorporated as a municipality in 1867 and contains Ayub National Park, Liaqat Gardens, a polytechnic school, a police-training institute, an armed forces medical college, and several colleges affiliated with the University of the Punjab. It is also the Pakistan army headquarters.
Rawalpindi is the starting point of the route into Kashmir and is connected by the Grand Trunk Road, rail, and air with the cities of Peshawar and Lahore and by rail and air with Karachi.
Wheat, barley, corn (maize), and millet are the chief crops grown in the surrounding area. The nearby Rawal Dam, on the Kurang River, completed in 1961–62, provides Rawalpindi and Islamabad with water.
In ancient times the locality formed part of Gandhara and was included in the Achaemenid Persian empire. The ancient city of Taxila has been identified with ruins located near Shahderi, northwest of Rawalpindi. Mankial, south of Rawalpindi, is a Buddhist stupa site (3rd century BCE). Pop. (2007 est.) urban agglom., 1,858,000.
Just gather information and lil surprise… one sight about Islamabad/Rawalpindi (Twin Cities).
Pakistan’s largest Airport UC in Islamabad
Pakistan’s Largest Karting Track in Islamabad
Pakistan’s Largest Shopping Mall + Most expensive residential Flats “Centaurus” in Islamabad
Pakistan’s Largest Cricket Stadium UC start soon in Islamabad
Pakistan’s Largest Shopping Center “City Center” like Kuwait/Dubai UC in Bahria Town Islamabad
Pakistan Largest Historical Museum “National Monument” already in Islamabad
Pakistan’s Largest dedicated close City Water Dam “Rawal Dam” with Islamabad
Pakistan’s Largest Military headquarter “GHQ” in Rawalpindi
Pakistan’s Largest Mosque “Faisal Mosque” already in Islamabad
Pakistan’s advance BRT system/Monorail Future Track UC in Rawalpindi/Islamabad
Pakistan’s top/best Lake spot Rawal Dam in Islamabad
Pakistan’s largest Court “Supreme Court” in Islamabad
Pakistan’s Top/Best hotel for foreigners and local elite audience is “Islamabad Serena & Marriot Hotel” of Islamabad
Pakistan’s and Asia’s largest Private Housing Society “Bahria Town” owned by Malik Riaz with one of the best infrastructure and facilities in Rawalpindi/Islamabad
“Ayub National Park” in Rawalpindi, Largest Park in Pakistan
“F9 Park” is the largest covered Area Park in Pakistan
Pakistan’s Largest Airforce and Military logistic base “(Composite Air Transport) Wing” situated with “Benazir International Airport” in Islamabad/Rawalpindi
Pakistan’s most important and one of largest Army Aviation Base “Qasim Base” in Rawalpindi
Pakistan top rank two Universities “NUST campus and International Islamic University” are in Islamabad
Pakistan’s First largest and very first Female University “Fatima Jinnah University” is also in Rawalpindi.
Pakistan’s Largest Intelligence Headquarter of ISI and FIA also in Islamabad
- Rawalpindi Ring Road is going to be the signature project of PTI Government and the Prime Minister is determined to completing this project within his tenure.
- It is a very important project for Rawalpindi and cannot be further delayed.
- There is no technical review available between old vs new plan which determines whether the old route is feasible or the new one.
- There is no evidence of corruption so far, all allegations and counter-allegations.
- Revised plan was presented in various government briefings in past one year.
- Government had allocated funds for land purchase after the survey was completed.
- Much of the required land for Ring Road has already been purchased.
- Revised plan includes 9 special economic zones that would generate billions of rupees worth economic activity around the Ring Road while older plan is just a by-pass.
- Ring Road plan up to Motorway M-2 has apparently no issues. Major issues arise over its extension at the back of New Islamabad Airport towards Sangjani, namely “Attock Loop” and “Paswal Zigzag”.
- Housing Schemes did benefit from the change of alignment as they claimed access through Ring Road and sold thousands of plots.
- This plan will be further improved after inquiry committee report and immediate implementation will start.